During growth, a child’s bones lengthen and grow to reach their full size around 18-20 years old. The brain continues to build, its volume multiplies by four by the time they are 4 years old. The brain activity of the child is twice as important as that of the adult. Cerebral connections multiply rapidly: memory, language, movements, etc. Many biological and hormonal functions are involved during growth1. A child needs energy (calories) and essential nutrients to cover all their bodies’ needs. To learn more about these essential nutrients check out other blogs in our healthy living section.
(1) Encyclopedia on early childhood development. (CEECD). T. Paus. Imaging the Growing Brain. University of Toronto, Canada. March 2011.